Alaska Arctic Substrate Chemistry Map

Differences in substrate chemistry, including pH, govern the availability of essential plant nutrients. Soils in the circumneutral range (pH 5.5-7.2) are generally mineral rich, whereas the full suite of essential nutrients is often unavailable in acidic soils (pH 7.2). The latter often have unique assemblages of plant species. The substrate chemistry map is derived from a wide variety of sources including soil, surficial geology and bedrock geology maps, and from spectral patterns that could be recognized on the AVHRR base image. Carbonate substrates occur mostly in mountainous regions, while circumneutral substrates are mostly fine-grained loess occurring at lower elevations in foothills or plains. The Alaska Arctic Substrate Chemistry Map is a more detailed map of the Alaska portion of the Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map (CAVM). The substrate chemistry mapping is the same as the Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map.

Back to Alaska Arctic Tundra Vegetation Map (Raynolds et al. 2006)

Go to Website Link :: Toolik Arctic Geobotanical Atlas below for details on legend units, photos of map units and plant species, glossary, bibliography and links to ground data.

Map Themes AVHRR NDVI, Bioclimate Subzone, Elevation, False Color-Infrared CIR, Floristic Province, Lake Cover, Landscape, Substrate Chemistry, Vegetation


Raynolds, M.K., Walker, D.A., Maier, H.A. 2005. Plant community-level mapping of arctic Alaska based on the Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map. Phytocoenologia. 35(4):821-848.

Raynolds, M.K., Walker, D.A., Maier, H.A. 2006. Alaska Arctic Tundra Vegetation Map. 1:4,000,000. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Anchorage, AK.

Data and Resources

Additional Info

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Last Updated August 28, 2020, 12:01 (AKDT)